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The State of Data Center Networking 2021: Long Live Private Cloud

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The State of Data Center Networking: 2021 Annual ReportToday Pluribus announced the release of the State of the Data Center Networking 2021 Annual Report. This groundbreaking original research, conducted with Enterprise Management Associates (EMA), not only confirms many of the trends we have discussed recently, it reveals just how strong they are.

The message is clear: enterprises are investing in private clouds and they are rapidly evolving their data center networks to achieve their cloud transformation goals.

Let’s look at a few of the key findings.

Private cloud remains the center of gravity for enterprise hybrid multi-cloud strategies

This research confirms what we have been hearing from our customers and other sources – and should help put to rest the outdated idea that “everything” is moving to the public cloud. Don’t listen to the hyperscale hype, look at the data:

  • Around 75% of enterprise workloads will continue to live in the private cloud

Top motivations cited by enterprises for keeping applications in private cloud environments are security, performance, compliance and cost. In other words, there are plenty of reasons not to put all your application eggs in the public cloud basket.

Not only are most applications staying in private clouds, enterprises are expanding and modernizing their data centers to enable private clouds:

  • 56% of enterprises plan to increase the number of private cloud DC sites, while only 12% are reducing sites (see figure 1)

Diagram: How will your data center footprint change over the next 24 months?

Figure 1: Data Center Footprint Evolution

The conventional wisdom that private data centers are rapidly consolidating is not only wrong for most enterprises, the trend is in the opposite direction.

Why expand private clouds to more sites? The top reason cited by enterprises was simply cloud transformation, which includes data center modernization and adoption of hybrid multi-cloud architectures. Also very important were improved application performance and availability – and that helps to explain the next finding.

Private clouds are moving to high availability architectures

High availability drives distributed data center architectures, including active-active or active-hot standby applications across two or more data centers. Enterprises are also embracing the cloud concept of availability zones. In the event of a failure in one data center location, these approaches can enable applications to keep running in another location (or locations), with little or no downtime experienced by the users.

The research confirms that this is a high priority for enterprise investment:

  • Broad deployment of active-active and active-hot standby architectures will nearly double over the next two years from 44 percent to 81 percent.

However, there is a catch: many data center networks are not ready. In fact, as Figure 2 shows, network complexity is the biggest obstacle to the adoption of these architectures.

Diagram: What are the most challenges aspects of adopting active-active or active-hot standby data centers?

Figure 2: Networking Challenges are Top Concerns in High-Availability Architectures

Clearly enterprises need to invest in their data center networks to reduce complexity and meet these challenges and that helps explain our next findings.

Network virtualization and automation will grow substantially over the next two years

Network virtualization and automation are two key tools to address private cloud networking challenges. As outlined in Mike Capuano’s recent blog, What to Know About Data Center Overlay Networks, virtualized network overlays enable the network operations team to “move at the speed of cloud by delivering reliable and high-performance Layer 2 and Layer 3 network services in minutes” and stretching overlays across data centers enables the types of high availability, multi-site architectures that private clouds need.

The enterprises in our survey clearly understand this and are poised to rapidly increase their use of overlays:

  • Broad deployment of virtualized network overlays, including stretching overlays across multiple data centers, will grow from only a third of enterprises today to over 80% in two years.

Diagram: Does your organization have any plans to use a network overlay in one or more of its data centers?

Figure 3: Network Overlay Adoption Will Grow Dramatically

A similar trend is seen in use of network automation. While automation approaches can vary widely, as highlighted in the recent blog, Understanding Various Approaches to Data Center Network Automation, the enterprises in our survey understand that they must embrace some type of network automation if they are going to handle the complexity of multi-site data center cloud networking and move at cloud speed:

  • Broad use of network automation will grow from 37 percent to 69 percent.

Diagram: Extent of network automation in data center networks today and 24 months from now

Figure 4: Enterprises Embrace Network Automation

Implications: How to Build Data Center Networks for Private Clouds

It’s clear that enterprises are investing in private cloud infrastructure and embracing technologies such as overlay network virtualization and network automation. As noted in my recent blog, Trends in Data Center Networking, there is broad consensus on how to build data center networks underlays, using layer 3 non-blocking leaf-spine architectures, and general agreement on the value of overlay virtualization and network automation. This research clearly supports those conclusions. But enterprises still must decide on the best approach to implementing overlays and network automation.

At Pluribus, we believe that a comprehensively integrated networking solution, incorporating both underlay and overlay networking with built in SDN-based automation, visibility and analytics, can help enterprises to achieve their private cloud networking vision simply, efficiently and cost-effectively. Contact us to let us help you achieve your vision.

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About the Author

Jay Gill

Jay Gill

Jay Gill is Senior Director of Marketing at Pluribus Networks, responsible for product marketing and open networking thought leadership. Prior to Pluribus, he guided product marketing for optical networking at Infinera, and held a variety of positions at Cisco focused on growing the company’s service provider business. Earlier in his career, Jay worked in engineering and product development at several service providers including both incumbents and startups. Jay holds a BSEE and MSEE from Stanford and an MBA from UCLA Anderson.